Kanan Makiya is an Iraqi democracy and human rights advocate. His 1989 book, Republic of Fear: The Politics of Modern Iraq, offered a rare glimpse into the inner workings of Saddam Hussein’s Ba’athist regime. Following the 1991 Iraqi Kurdish uprising, Makiya visited northern Iraq where he organised the collection of captured Iraqi military and security documents. These documents became the basis for an award-winning 1992 documentary, Saddam’s Killing Fields, describing Saddam Hussein’s ethnic cleansing campaign against the Kurds. In June 2003 he founded the Iraq Memory Foundation in Baghdad. He is also a professor of Islamic and Middle Eastern studies at Brandeis University.